Sandy Hill was, during the nineteenth and early twentieth century, Ottawa's wealthiest neighbourhood. Originally the estate of Louis-Théodore Besserer, who donated part of this land to University of Ottawa, it was subdivided and became home to most of Ottawa's lumber barons. When Ottawa became the country's capital, it became home to senior public servants and to the Prime Minister who lived at Stadacona Hall and later at what is now known as Laurier House. Located east of downtown, it is bordered to the west by the Rideau Canal and on the east by the Rideau River. The north side is Rideau Street and the ByWard Market neighbourhood, while the south side is limited by the Queensway and Nicolas Street. With such close proximity to downtown, specifically, the large shopping area, Rideau Centre, it is well served by mass transit with several routes and stations at Rideau and Lees Ave. There are also plenty of schools in the area, serving the large population of middle class families and dignitaries.